Register with BreedersOnline
Login to Your Account
Pedigree Dogs > Dachshund
The dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied dog breed
belonging to the hound family. The standard size
dachshund was bred to scent, chase, and flush out
badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the
miniature dachshund was developed to hunt smaller prey
such as rabbits. In the American West they have also
been used to hunt prairie dogs. According to the AKC,
the dachshund continues to remain one of the top 10 dog
breeds in the United States.
The name "dachshund" is of German origin and literally
means "badger dog", from Dachs ("badger") and Hund
("dog"). Because of their long, narrow build, they are
often nicknamed doodle dog, wiener dog or sausage dog.
The typical dachshund is long-bodied and muscular, with
short, stubby legs. Its front paws are unusually large
and paddle-shaped, for extreme digging. One dachshund
was known to have dug a 10 meter hole to catch its
unsuspecting prey. Long coated dachshunds have a silky
coat and short featherings on legs and ears. It has skin
that is loose enough not to tear while tunneling in
tight burrows to chase prey. Typically the dachshund
will burrow underneath its prey's burrow, so it can take
its prey out by surprise. The dachshund has a deep chest
to allow enough lung capacity to keep going when
hunting; particularly when burrowing for more than three
days straight, which is a fairly regular occurrence for
this breed. Its snout is long with an increased nose
area that absorbs odors.
There are three types of dachshund, which can be
classified by their coats: short-haired, called
"smooth"; long-haired; and wire-haired.
Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature, and
kaninchen (German for "rabbit"). Although the standard
and miniature sizes are recognized almost universally,
the rabbit size is not recognized by clubs in the United
States and the United Kingdom.
A full-grown standard dachshund averages 16 lb (7.3 kg)
to 28 lb (13 kg), while the miniature variety normally
weighs less than 12 lb (5.4 kg). The kaninchen weighs 8
lb (3.6 kg) to 11 lb (5.0 kg). According to kennel club
standards, the miniature (and kaninchen, where
recognized) differs from the full-size only by size and
weight, thus offspring from miniature parents must never
weigh more than the miniature standard to be considered
a miniature as well.
Dachshunds are playful, but can be stubborn, and are
known for their propensity for chasing small animals,
birds, and tennis balls with great determination and
ferocity. Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a
challenge to train.
- Due to the association of the breed with Germany, the dachshund was
chosen to be the first official mascot for the 1972
Summer Olympics in Munich, with the name Waldi.
- John F. Kennedy bought a dachshund puppy while touring Europe in 1937.
- Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th President, had a dachshund in the
- Andy Warhol had a pair of dachshunds, Archie and Amos, whom he depicted
in his paintings and mentioned frequently in his
- Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and her husband own and have owned a large
array of dachshunds, both smooth and wirehaired.